(s)ker-1


(s)ker-1
    (s)ker-1
    English meaning: to shrink, wrinkle; dry, thin
    Deutsche Übersetzung: as basis von Worten for “einschrumpfen, runzeln; rauhe Haut, Schorf, Kruste; vertrocknet, mager, verkũmmert”
    Note: probably to sker-3.
    Material: A. Unerweitert in Nor. Swe. skare “hart gefrorene Kruste auf dem Schnee”? Russ. skorá etc. ‘skin, Tierhaut”; B. with Gutt.-extension: Nor. dial. skarka “frozen crust”, skjerkna “ through Kälte hard become”; Nor. dial. skrekling “weakling”, skrakal “ fragile, easily broken; unstable, dilapidated, kränklich”, nd. schräkel “verkrũppeltes creature “, M.H.G. waltschrechel, - schreckel “fairy demon, ghost, Faun”; Nor. skråna (*skrahnan) “verschrumpfen”, skråen “dry”, M.L.G. schrü (*skrēha-) “arid, lean “, Ger. schrüh (Nord-Franken) ds., schrähelin (Oberpfalz) “zauberisches creature, Wichtlein”, O.Ice. skrǣ ling(j)ar (*skrēhila-) pl. “Eskimos”, Nor. skrælen “ pitiful “, Ice. skrælna “ shrink “ E.Fris. verschrülen ds.; O.Ice. skrü f. (skrahō) ‘stũck dũrren Leders etc.”; C. with Dental-extension: Nor. dial. skranta “ lean become” (etc.); M.H.G. schraz, with Gmc. d: O.H.G. scrato “larvae, lares mali, pilosus”, Ger. wood, forest-schratt, with Gmc. tt: O.Ice. skratti “monstrum, magician “, Swe. skratte “fairy demon, ghost, ghost”, O.H.G. scraz, screz, M.H.G. schraz, schrez “fairy demon, ghost”, Ger. bO.Ir. schrätz “in Wachstum zurũckgebliebener Mensch”; Nor. skrinn (*skrenÞa-) “arid, lean, unfruchtbar”; skreda “weakling”, M.L.G. schrüde “thin, lean, kũmmerlich”; Lith.skrentù, skręsti ‘sich with a trockenen Kruste beziehen”; D. eine bare in Gmc. vorliegende u-basis seems O.Ice. skrǫggr “fox”, Nor. skrogg “wolf”, Ice. skröggur “ graybeard “, Swe. dial. skragge “devil”, M.H.G. schröuwel ds. (Gmc. *skrawwa-), O.Ice. skriūpr “ fragile, easily broken; unstable, dilapidated, mũrbe”; Dental extension: O.Ice. hrūðr m. ‘scurf, scab”, O.S. hrūtho m., O.H.G. rūda, riudī “Raude, mange; scabies “, O.Ice. skrydda “geschrumpfte skin”; O.Lith. skraudùs “ brittle, rough”, skraudù, skraùsti “rough become”; whether here Lith. krenkù, krèkti “ curdle, coagulate, harden “, Ltv. krecēt ds., -ties “lumpy, klunkerig become”, kręcumi “Überbleibsel, spawn of frogs “ as “ shrivel, shrink due to excess dryness, wrinkle up “?
    References: WP. II 565 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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